What Makes A Good SEC Yield? Calculation, Definition, Yields

 What Makes A Good SEC Yield? Calculation, Definition, Yields

The Securities and Exchange Commission’s (SEC) yield, commonly known as the “standardized yield,” is a calculation that enables the comparison of bond funds that fall under its purview (SEC). The SEC yield calculates the yield an investor might anticipate receiving, given past returns. For example, it is predicted that an investor keeps each bond in a portfolio to maturity. Additionally, the yield takes into account costs and fees and operates under the presumption that revenue will be reinvested.

The SEC yield is believed to offer more precise findings than the distribution yield, and the computation is more reliable from month to month. However, both calculations include assumptions that might bias results and only indicate historical performance, not projected performance.

On the other hand, the SEC yield is reliable and makes it simple for investors to compare various funds. As a result, it serves as a benchmark for comparing yield performance rather than an indicator of a fund’s projected returns. In addition, it needs to consider that most funds actively trade their bonds rather than holding them till maturity or allowing them to mature.

Bond Fund Yields

As we previously said, there are other yield measures to consider when a mutual fund compares to bonds. Each offers a marginally varied tale, and no measurement is flawless. The two most popular measures are trailing and 30-day SEC yield and 12-month distribution yield.

Trailing 12-month yield provides investors a historical distribution yield for the last 12 months total of the revenue distributions over the previous 12 months to measure and subtract it from the most recent month’s net asset value. One of this measure’s backward-looking nature is one of its shortcomings. Market Conditions are constantly shifting and affect how much future distributions of income are. Additionally, the mutual fund’s net asset value shares can change.

The Securities and Exchange Commission created the 30-day SEC yield in 1988 to standardize the inputs mutual funds use to compute the statistic and enable a more fair comparison. The computation estimates the interest the fund’s assets would have earned over the last 30 days using the current yields to worst of all fixed-income portfolio holdings. The income is annualized and divided by the net asset value on the calculation day after deducting the fund’s costs and fees.

For Experts

The SEC 30-day yield is calculated as follows:

Yield = 2 {[(a-b)/cd + 1] ^ 6 – 1}


a=  represents the period’s dividends and interest.

b = accumulated costs for the periods (net of reimbursements)

c represents the average daily number of outstanding shares throughout the period that were eligible for dividends.

On the final day of the term, d = the maximum offering price per share.

In contrast, the 12-month yield formula is as follows:

Yield is equal to income/(NAV plus capital gains)


Earnings= sum of trailing 12-month earnings plus dividends.

Capital Gains= is calculated as the total of the previous 12 months’ gains.


What makes a good SEC yield?

Yields rely heavily on the larger market being traded and are subject to frequent fluctuation. A favorable SEC yield could not be profitable in two months. A REIT’s SEC yield may not be the same as one for a Treasury note. Examine an index that monitors your target market to understand what to anticipate from your investments. By searching up the SEC yield for the Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Aggregate Bond Index, you may get a sense of the average yield throughout the whole bond market.

Danny White